Teacher’s Day 2023: History & Significance| Why it is celebrated?

Teacher's Day or Shikshak Divas is celebrated in India every year on 5 September to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan.

Teacher’s Day or Shikshak Divas is celebrated in India every year on 5 September to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan. He was the first Vice President of India and later he also served as the President of India. He was a scholar, philosopher, politician and also a Bharat Ratna awardee.

History of Teacher’s Day

In order to understand the history of teacher’s day celebrations in India, we first need to know about Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan in brief.

Who was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan?

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan was an Indian Politician, philosopher, scholar and statesman who served as the first Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962 and also the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.

When Radhakrishnan became the President of India, some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday, on 5 September. He replied, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if September 5th is observed as Teachers’ Day.”

And since that day his birthday has been celebrated as Teacher’s day in India.

Significance of celebrating Teacher’s Day.

Teacher’s Day is celebrated to honor and recognize the invaluable contributions of teachers to society and education. Teachers are the pillars of education. They impart knowledge, skills, and values to students, helping them grow intellectually and personally. Teacher’s Day provides an opportunity for society to acknowledge and appreciate their dedication and hard work.

Recognizing teachers’ efforts and contributions can boost their morale and motivation. Feeling appreciated and valued can lead to higher job satisfaction and better retention rates among educators.Teacher’s Day celebrations can raise awareness of the challenges teachers face and the importance of investing in education.

Teacher’s Day celebrations in different countries.

Teacher’s Day is celebrated in various countries around the world, often with unique dates and significance. Here are some examples:

  • India:
  • Date: September 5th
  • Significance: Celebrated on the birthday of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, a philosopher and India’s second President. It’s a day to honor teachers and their contributions to society.
  • United States:
  • Date: National Teacher’s Day is observed on the first Tuesday in May.
  • Significance: Part of Teacher Appreciation Week, it’s a time to thank and recognize teachers for their dedication and hard work in educating students.
  • China:
  • Date: September 10th
  • Significance: Known as “Teachers’ Day,” it’s a day to honor educators and their role in shaping the future. It’s customary for students to express their gratitude to teachers.
  • Malaysia:
  • Date: May 16th
  • Significance: Celebrated on the birthday of Malaysia’s first Education Minister, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak. It’s a day to recognize and appreciate the efforts of educators.
  • Mexico:
  • Date: May 15th
  • Significance: Known as “Día del Maestro,” it’s a day to celebrate and honor teachers’ contributions to education and society.
  • Philippines:
  • Date: October 5th
  • Significance: Aligned with World Teacher’s Day, it recognizes and appreciates the vital role teachers play in shaping the nation’s youth and future.
  • Thailand:
  • Date: January 16th
  • Significance: Celebrated on the birth anniversary of King Rama IV, who is known for his contributions to education. It’s a day to honor teachers and express gratitude for their guidance.
  • World Teacher’s Day:
  • Date: October 5th (International)
  • Significance: Established by UNESCO in 1994, it’s a global observance to recognize the vital role of teachers in education. It promotes the value of the teaching profession and the importance of quality education worldwide.

These are many other countries have their own Teacher’s Day celebrations, each with its own history and customs. But the common thread is the acknowledgment of the crucial role teachers play in shaping society and the future.

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